Tuesday, May 9, 2017

Why do humans need to brush their teeth while animals do not?

Image result for brushing teeth clipart
Animals have some adaptations in the teeth so that they do not need to brush. For eg. the teeth of snakes are very thin and sharp and usually curve backward. They are used for capturing the prey and not for chewing purpose. Snakes swallow their food whole. The carnivorous mammals (cats, dogs etc.) have more pointed teeth that are adapted to cutting and shearing. Chewing is not essential for them.
The herbivores need to chew their food (plants) to breakdown the cell wall. Although the teeth come into play, the nature of food is raw, fibrous and non-sticky. So they also do not need to brush.
Humans use refined diet that has readily fermentable carbohydrates that may cause dental caries and periodontal diseases. Also, many food items are soft and sticky. Therefore, in humans, brushing is essential.

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